Demystifying the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism: 8 Key Questions Answered

3 min readApr 15, 2024


As businesses navigate the complexities of sustainability and global trade, the European Union’s (EU) Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) has emerged as a critical topic of discussion. Designed to address carbon leakage and level the playing field for businesses, the CBAM raises important questions for business leaders. In this article, we’ll explore the eight most important questions about the EU CBAM, and how Coorest can support businesses in adapting to this new regulatory landscape.

What is the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM)?

The EU CBAM is a proposed policy aimed at ensuring that imported goods into the EU meet the same environmental standards as those produced within the EU. It proposes imposing a carbon price on certain imports to prevent carbon leakage and incentivize global partners to reduce their carbon emissions.

Why is the CBAM being proposed?

The CBAM is designed to protect EU industries from unfair competition and encourage global partners to adopt ambitious climate policies. By internalizing the cost of carbon, the CBAM aims to create a level playing field for businesses while driving the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Which sectors will be affected by the CBAM?

Initially, the CBAM is expected to target energy-intensive industries such as steel, cement, aluminum, and electricity generation. These sectors are significant contributors to greenhouse gas emissions and are at risk of carbon leakage due to varying environmental regulations globally.

How will the CBAM work?

Under the CBAM, importers of certain goods will be required to purchase digital certificates representing the embedded carbon emissions of their imports. The price of these certificates will be based on the EU’s carbon price, with importers either surrendering certificates at the border or paying a corresponding carbon border tax.

What are the potential benefits of the CBAM?

The CBAM aims to protect EU industries from unfair competition, incentivize global partners to reduce carbon emissions, and drive innovation towards cleaner technologies. By encouraging businesses to invest in sustainable practices, the CBAM contributes to the EU’s goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050.

What challenges does the CBAM pose?

Implementing the CBAM presents challenges such as determining the carbon intensity of imported goods, preventing trade disputes with non-EU countries, and ensuring compliance with international trade rules. There are also concerns about potential impacts on global supply chains and the risk of retaliation from trading partners.

How will the CBAM affect businesses?

Businesses exporting to the EU may face increased costs due to the CBAM, especially if their products have a high carbon footprint. However, the CBAM also creates opportunities for companies that invest in cleaner technologies and reduce their carbon emissions. Additionally, businesses operating within the EU may benefit from a more level playing field and increased demand for low-carbon products.

What should businesses do to prepare for the CBAM?

Businesses should closely monitor developments related to the CBAM and assess the potential impact on their operations and supply chains. Companies can also consider measures to reduce their carbon footprint, such as investing in energy efficiency and adopting sustainable production practices.

How Coorest Can Support Businesses:

Coorest is committed to helping businesses navigate the complexities of carbon pricing and sustainability regulations. As a leading provider of carbon offset solutions, Coorest offers businesses access to a diverse portfolio of high-quality carbon offsets that meet stringent environmental standards. By partnering with Coorest, businesses can offset their carbon emissions and demonstrate their commitment to environmental responsibility in compliance with emerging regulations like the EU CBAM. Additionally, Coorest provides expert guidance and support to businesses seeking to reduce their carbon footprint and transition to a more sustainable future.

In conclusion, the EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism raises important questions for business leaders. By understanding the key aspects of the CBAM and partnering with organizations like Coorest, businesses can navigate regulatory challenges, reduce their carbon footprint, and contribute to a greener and more sustainable global economy.




Coorest makes carbon compensation easy, transparent and accessible for businesses and individuals by using blockchain technology and integrated satellite data.